Washington, D. C. - Daniel Patrick Moynihan released a "study" on the plight of black Americans in the United States. His conclusion was that black people were at fault because of their dysfunction, namely single mothers. At the time, black Americans had a marriage rate that was higher than whites.
In response, a book was published in 1971, called "Blame the Victim" which countered the allegations of black dysfunction as a deflection from white supremacy and Federal government policy to target and attack black Americans./P>
Washington, D. C. - One of the most infamous and notorious decisions in American legal history, was made by the United States Supreme Court, led by Chief Justice Robert B. Taney. The decision not only denied Dred Scott his freedom, but further added that black Americans had no rights that the white man was bound to respect./P>
Washington, D. C. - One of the most infamous inventions for the spread of forced labor (slavery) in the Southern United States, Eli Whitney's cotton gin was awarded a patent by the United States government.
It was not validated until 1807, which was the same year the British government outlawed the Transatlantic Slave Trade.
Southern Tennessee - (9) nine black youths rode a freight train with several white males and two white women. Near the Lookout Mountain tunnel, a fight erupted between the white and black youths. The whites got kicked off the train, and went to a sheriff, from the nearby town, Paint Rock, Alabama.
The white youths claimed the black youths assaulted them on the train. The sheriff responded with a posse that he ordered to search for and "capture every Negro on the train." All black passengers from the train were arrested, for assault, by the posse.
From an all-white jury, white judge, and white prosecutor, 8 of the black American youths were convicted and sentenced to death.
As a result of appeals to the United States Supreme Court, none were executed and the court ruled that race could not be used to exclude a juror, specifically black Americans from being seated.